The Confederation of Indian Industry(CII) has released a report titled “India Skills Report 2014” in partnership with Wheebox & Peoplestrong. The report released towards the end of 2013 is a thorough assessment of the challenges that India faces in providing marketable skills to it’s growing population and making them employment ready.
With a manpower of 1.2437 billion, it is ironic that India suffers from dearth of talent? As per recent studies the severity of the situation can be estimated by the fact that only 10% of MBA graduates of the country are employable and same is true for the engineering graduates where this number is as low as 17%.
This scarcity of skilled talent makes it impossible for the Talent Supply Chain to operate effectively and is an issue which if not taken care of immediately will become uncontrollable. One can imagine the enormity of the challenge India will face when in year 2026, 64.8% of India’s population would be in the working age of 15-64 years.
India Skills Report 2014-2015
Download the full report in pdf format at the link below :
India Skill Development Report 2014
Population of 1.3 billion, of which about 0.8 billion in the working age – India in 2020 is surely something the world can look forward to. According to economic predictions, that time would be the golden ‘Growth’ era in the demographic dividend. We would not only have enough manpower to meet our needs but we can help the rest of the world as well.
In the glitz and glamour of these numbers, one often chooses to ignore that in today’s era of knowledge based economy, quality of workforce is more important than quantity. Infact having a lower head count of skilled manpower is much better than a manpower whose larger portion is unemployable. Considering the present situation, this is the future India is rushing towards. And this is one of the biggest challenges thatwe as a nation are ever going to face.
Researches show that if we continue in the current pace, we would have a skill gap of 75-80% across Industry sectors. There will be people but with skills that corporate do not require, and jobs for which the right fit is not available. The economic impact of this vicious cycle is something one can estimate, but the social impact of having a powerhouse of educated yet frustrated youth who are directionless with no jobs in hand is unimaginable.
Rigorous steps to tackle this challenge are thus the need of the hour. This requires combined efforts from several stakeholders. Considering the gravity of this situation Government is coming up with various initiatives. A National Skill Development Coordination Board (NSDCB), coordinated by the Planning Commission was established by the Prime Minister in 2008 with a target of skilling 700 million people by 2022. Individual states are also coming up with programs and policies to face this problem.
However, the success of these efforts without active involvement of ‘Actors’ of this process is doubtful. Thus sincere efforts to ensure partnership between the source of skills (colleges, students etc.), and their destination (the corporate) are a must. It is imperative to educate them about each other’s expectations so that informed plans for future can be prepared.
This report is an effort towards this goal. It captures the skill levels of the supply side and needs of the demand side of Talent Supply Chain. With separate studies conducted to understand each side, this report tries to bring in a more realistic, holistic view of skill and talent landscape in India.
WEST, an employability skill assessment test launched on Wheebox.com in 28 States, 7 Union Territories and 1800 Educational Campuses across India captures the current skill levels of the country. About 100000 students spread across these campuses were assessed on 260 domain areas and skill gaps that are scientific in nature were validated using reliable talent assessment tools. The result was an overall picture depicting how the students rank in terms of skills that would be imperative to judge the employability in the coming times.
Through Employer Job Survey more than 100 employers spread across 10 major sectors like Manufacturing, Retail, Infrastructure, ITES/IT, BFSI etc. were approached to get an idea of job demand and potential hiring forecasts of these employers for the coming year. Result was an industry wise hiring estimate for the coming year for different profiles.
Combining these two aspects, this report is an effort to form the basis of effective collaboration between the two
ends of Talent Supply Chain. On one hand it aims to equip the students with information to access to the job pool in the market, on the other to provide the employers an access to skill reservoir of the country.
Considering the enormity of the impact, the skill – job gap is going to have in the socio-economic environment of the country, platforms such as India Skills Report have a vital role to play. With the first edition of the report being presented to the people of this country, the team hopes to bring in more value in the coming years and contribute towards taking the country to a stage to reaping the demographic dividend.