Companies Act 2013 – Dividend

The 2013 Act proposes to introduce  significant changes to the existing provisions of the 1956 Act in respect of declaration of dividend. The changes are likely to affect the existing practices followed by companies with regard to the declaration of dividend.

The existing provisions of the 1956 Act in relation to the transfer of a specified percentage of profit to reserve is no longer applicable and thus,companies will  be free to transfer any or no amount to its reserves.

Schedule II of the 2013 Act, relating to depreciation defines the useful life of assets as against the depreciation rates specified in the 1956 Act.

dividend companies act 2013

1. Declaration of dividend 

•       The existing requirement of the 1956 Act with regard  to the transfer of a specified percentage of profits not exceeding  10%  to reserve [that is, Companies  (Transfer of Profits to Reserve) Rules, 1975] has not been acknowledged in the 2013 Act and thus companies are free to transfer any or no amount of profits to reserves [section  123 (1) of the 2013 Act].

•       Similar to the existing provisions of the 1956 Act, the 2013 Act also provides that no dividend  shall be declared or paid in case of inadequate profits by a company subject to the Rules yet to be notified.  The company also cannot  declare or pay dividend  from its reserves other than free reserves [section  123(1) of the 2013 Act].  This could mean that the  requirements provided  in Companies (Declaration of Dividend out of Reserves) Rules, 1975 have been retained.

•       As per the existing provisions of the 1956 Act, dividend  includes interim  dividend  and all provisions of the 1956 Act which applies to the final dividend  equally apply to interim  dividend. The 2013 Act, however,  imposes a further restriction on the declaration

of interim  dividend. The 2013 Act specifically provides that in case a company has incurred loss during the current financial year, up to the end of the quarter immediately preceding the date of declaration of the interim  dividend, then the interim  dividend cannot  be declared at a rate higher than the average dividends declared by the company during the immediately preceding three financial years [section  123(3) of the 2013 Act].

•       The 2013 Act states that if a company fails to comply with the provisions of acceptance of deposits and repayment of deposits accepted prior to the commencement of this 1956 Act, it will not be able to declare any dividend  on equity shares, as against the non-compliance of section 80A of the 1956 Act regarding redemption of irredeemable preference shares, etc [section  123(6) of the 2013 Act].

•       The provisions of the existing Schedule  XIV of the 1956 Act has been acknowledged under  Schedule  II of the 2013 Act. Important highlights  from the Schedule  II are as follows:

—   The useful life or residual value of an asset have been specified in Part C of the Schedule. Companies  will be  required to give disclosure  for cases where the useful life or residual value is different from the useful life or residual value as specified in Part C of the Schedule.

—   It is clarified in the 2013 Act that the requirements of Part C will not be applicable  for  companies in respect of which the useful life or residual value is notified by a regulatory authority.

•       The 2013 Act does not give cognisance to the existing requirements of section 208 of the 1956 Act that deals with the power of a company to pay interest out of capital in certain cases.

2. Transfer of shares to the investor education and protection fund (IEPF)

As against the existing requirement of section 205C of the 1956 Act, the 2013 Act proposes  that all shares in respect of which unpaid or unclaimed dividend  has been transferred to the IEPF shall also be transferred by the company in name of the fund along with a statement with certain specified details [section  124 of the 2013 Act].

In addition to above, following amounts also need to be transferred by the company to the IEPF [section  125 (2) of the 2013 Act]:

•       Gain through the seizure and disposal of securities  in possession of a person who fictitiously acquires or subscribes for a company’s securities

•       Sale proceeds  of fractional shares arising out of issuance of bonus shares, merger and amalgamation for seven  or more years

•       Redemption amount of preference shares remaining unpaid or unclaimed for seven  or more years

Additionally,  the 2013 Act specifies the following modes of utilisation of amounts available in the IEPF:

•       The refund of unclaimed dividends, matured deposits,  matured debentures, application money due for refund and interest thereon

•       Distribution of any disgorged amount among investors who have suffered losses due to wrong actions by any person in accordance with the order of the Court that had decided  for such disgorgement. In order to prevent  misuse of underlying securities, investors can claim them back from the IEPF through the provisions in the rules.

•       Reimbursement of legal expenses incurred in pursuing class action suits under  sections 37 (misleading prospectus) and 245 of the 2013 Act (management or conduct  of affairs of the company being overseen  in a manner prejudicial to the interests of the company or its members or depositors) by members, debenture holders or depositors as sanctioned by the Tribunal

•       Any other purpose incidental thereto, in accordance with such rules as prescribed

Disclaimer : This PDF/PPT Research report above is an extract from the full report by prepared by the Price Waters Cooperhouse (PwC). PwC has taken utmost care to ensure accuracy and objectivity while developing this report based on information available in public domain. However, neither the accuracy nor completeness of information contained in this report is guaranteed. PwC is not responsible for any errors or omissions in analysis / inferences / views or for results obtained from the use of information contained in this report and especially states that PwC (including all divisions) has no financial liability whatsoever to the user of this report.

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