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Urban Poor in India – Data

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In a written reply given to the Rajya Sabha last week, the Minister for Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation Kumari Selja has said that as per the Planning Commission estimates 807.60 lakhs urban people were below poverty line in the year 2004-05.

She said that the poverty line has been traditionally defined by the Planning Commission on the basis of Monthly Per Capita Consumption Expenditure (MPCE) as the criterion. The number and proportion of persons living below the poverty line is computed for the States as well as the country using the data from Large Sample Surveys on Household Consumer Expenditure carried out by the National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO).

She said, no State Government has approached the Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation regarding reservations on the criteria for determination of urban poor.

Urban Poor in India

Population below poverty line urban areas (2004-2005)
S.No. States/UTs Urban Poverty line (Rs. Per capita per month) No. of Persons (Lakhs) Head Count Ratio

(%)

1 2 3 4 5
1 Andhra Pradesh 563.16 51.30 23.40
2 Arunachal Pradesh 618.45 0.70 23.50
3 Assam 600.03 8.40 21.80
4 Bihar 526.18 40.90 43.70
5 Chhattisgarh 513.70 13.40 28.40
6 Delhi 642.47 18.90 12.90
7 Goa 671.15 1.70 22.20
8 Gujarat 659.18 41.90 20.10
9 Haryana 626.41 15.80 22.40
10 Himachal Pradesh 605.74 0.30 4.60
11 Jammu & Kashmir 602.89 2.90 10.40
12 Jharkhand 531.35 15.60 23.80
13 Karnataka 588.06 50.80 25.90
14 Kerala 584.70 15.70 18.40
15 Madhya Pradesh 532.26 61.70 35.10
16 Maharashtra 631.85 116.10 25.60
17 Manipur 641.13 2.10 34.50
18 Meghalaya 745.73 1.20 24.70
19 Mizoram 699.75 0.40 7.90
20 Nagaland 782.93 0.20 4.30
21 Orissa 497.31 22.70 37.60
22 Punjab 642.51 17.20 18.70
23 Rajasthan 568.15 42.80 29.70
24 Sikkim 741.68 0.20 25.90
25 Tamil Nadu 559.77 61.30 19.70
26 Tripura 555.79 1.30 22.50
27 Uttar Pradesh 532.12 130.30 34.10
28 Uttarakhand 602.39 6.40 26.20
29 West Bengal 572.51 57.90 24.40
30 Pondicherry 506.17 0.70 9.90
ALL INDIA 578.80 807.60 25.70

Note: The new poverty lines have been generated for all the states including the north-eastern states. However, in the absence of adequate data, the expert group has suggested use of poverty line of the neighboring states for union territories.

Source: Tendulkar Committee Estimates of Poverty released by The Planning Commission

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