The Government of India last week released data on share of women in employment as per National Sample Survey Office data.
According to this survey conducted in 2009- 2010, the share of females employed on usual status basis was 26.1% in rural area and 13.8% in urban area. This share was 29.9% in rural area and 13.9% in urban area during 1999-2000.
In rural areas, 79.4% women are mainly working as cultivators and agriculture labourers. In urban areas, 34.6% of women are working in other services such as Public Administration, Education & Community Services, etc.
According to the survey conducted in 2009- 2010, on the basis of usual principal status, 3.6 percent of the women in the age-group of 15 and above do not have gainful employment.
According to the survey on employment and unemployment conducted by National Sample Survey Office during 2009-10, the number of person-days of employment is 3.45 lakh in rural and urban areas.
As per NSS Report on Migration in India for rural females, the share of employment related reasons for migration has dropped from 1% in 1999-2000 to 0.7% in 2007-08 while for urban females, it has dropped from 3% in 1999-2000 to 2.7% in 2007-08.