NGO's in India

Schemes for NGO’s working with Tribals and Schedule Castes

There are three on-going schemes with the Ministry, which are open for participation of Voluntary Organizations and Non-Governmental Organizations.

ministry of tribal affairs logo

• Grant-in-aid to Voluntary Organizations working for welfare of Scheduled Tribes (GVWST).

• Educational Complex in low literacy pockets for the development of women in tribal areas (ECLP).

• Vocational Training Centres (VTC).

In addition to above mentioned three schemes the Ministry has an exclusive on-going scheme for Voluntary Orgainzations/Non-Governmental Organizations for development of Primitive Tribal Groups (PTG).

A brief account of above mentioned schemes is being given separately for the general information of all concerned in the field of tribal welfare in following pages.



The prime objective of the scheme is to provide for an overall improvement and development of the target group. i.e. Scheduled Tribes through voluntary efforts working in the field of Education, Health & Sanitation, Environment, Drinking Water and legal Redressal Services as well as those need based socio-economic upliftment efforts.

Any other relevant activity deemed appropriate and having direct beneficial impact on the target group.


The Scheme was introduced in 1993-94 in 136 districts having below 10 percent literacy rate among ST females. It is implemented through:

(I) Non-Governmental Organizations

(II) Institutions set up by Government as Autonomous Bodies and

(III) Registered Co-operative Societies.


The primary objective of the Scheme is promotion of education among tribal girls in the identified low literacy districts of the country. The secondary objective of the Scheme is to improve the socio-economic status of the poor and illiterate tribal population.


The Scheme covers 136 districts having ST female literacy below 10 percent (as per 1991 census) spread over 14 States namely Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Gujrat, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal and west Bengal.



The need for vocational institution in tribal belts where left wing extremism rising felt for large scale of employment of tribal youth. The extremism is manifestation of frustration and lack of faith in the present development. It is necessary that both State and Central Government should make efforts weaning away the tribal youths from disruptive activities. Hence one of the major efforts is to establish such vocational training institutes for large scale employment of unemployed tribal youths.

• Development of Primitive Tribal Groups

Under this scheme cent per assistance is given to Integrated Tribal Development Projects, Tribal Research Institutes and Non Governmental Organizations for undertaking activities such as generation of awareness, confidence building, training for the skill development of tribal youth organizations of self help groups and provision of services/inputs not covered under any existing schemes for the development and welfare of Primitive Tribal Groups. This is a new scheme launched during the year 1998-99

Attention of NGOs receiving grant-in-aid

In keeping with its mandate, this Ministry supports and assists a number of projects in the field of welfare of the Scheduled Castes, Other Backward Classes etc, which are implemented through various Voluntary Organisations. To ensure transparency and accountability in the release of Grant-in-aid assistance to Voluntary Organisations and their utilization of these funds, the NGO Division of this Ministry has included an information summary in there website.


The Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment is implementing various schemes/programmes through non-governmental organizations and releases grant in aid to them based upon the inspection reports/recommendations from the States/UTs. (See format of recommendations) The details of such schemes are as follows:-

1. Scheme of Grant in Aid to Voluntary Organisations Working for Scheduled Castes

1. Construction of Hostel Building for SC Boys and Girls.

2. Coaching & Allied Scheme for SC/ST Students.

3. National Schedule Castes & Schedule Tribes Finance & Development Corporation (NSFDC).

4. National Safai Karamacharis Finance & Development Corporation (NSKFDC).

5. Supporting project of All India Nature of SCs (Research & Training).

The details under some of the above Schemes are as follows:

• Girls’ Hostels for Scheduled Tribes

The scheme of Girls Hostel aims at construction of hostel for Scheduled Tribe girls. Under this scheme Central Assistance is provided to the States on 50:50 basis and 100% to the UTs. The Scheme is intended to enable ST girls to continue education even though the educational institutions are away from their homes. The cost of constructions is based on the State PWD schedule of rates or local CPWD schedule of rates, whichever is less.

• Boys’ Hostels for Scheduled Tribes

The scheme of Boy Hostel aims at construction of hostel for Scheduled Tribe boys. Under this scheme Central Assistance is provided to the States on 50:50 basis and 100% to the UTs. The scheme is intended to enable ST boys to continue education even though the educational institutions are away from their homes. The cost of construction is based on the State PWD schedule of rates or local CPWD schedule of rates, whichever is less.

• Ashram School in Tribal Sub Plan Areas

The Scheme of Ashram Schools in Tribal Sub-plan areas was launched in 1990-91 with an objective to extend education facilities through residential schools for ST students. The funding under the scheme is done on matching basis i.e. 50:50 for the States and cent per cent for the UTs for the construction of Ashram Schools. The scheme covers primary secondary and senior secondary level of education. Under the scheme teaching material and other facilities are provided by the States and UTs.

• Grant in Aid to Voluntary Organisations for the Welfare of Scheduled Tribes

The main purpose behind the scheme of grant in aid to Voluntary organizations for undertaking welfare work programmes for Scheduled Tribes was to improve educational and economic conditions of these communities through voluntary efforts. This scheme is in operation since the year 1953-54. a wide spectrum of activities is covered under this scheme. They include residential schools, hostels, medical units, computer training units, shorthand and typing training units, balwadis, libraries audio-visual units. The grant is generally restricted to 90% of the approved total cost of the project; the balance 10% is borne by the grantee organization. The scheme has been modified during 1999-2000 and the Voluntary Organisation working in Scheduled Areas have been made eligible to receive cent percent grant.

• Research and Training

Research and Training- The scheme of Research & Training has following four components:-

a) Grant to Tribal Research to Institute – Fourteen Tribal Research Institute (TRIs) have been set up by the States of Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and Manipur. These institutes are being used by States and Centre Government for research, evaluation, collection of data training, Seminar workshops, professional input in the preparation of TSP etc.

b) Award of Research Fellowship in Various aspect of tribal development – Twenty five Research Fellowship are annually awarded to Students/scholars who are registered with the University for working on tribal development programmes/problems. The Ministry of Tribal Affairs meets the Expenditure on cent per cent basis.

c) Supporting Project of All India or Inter State nature – Under the scheme financial assistance is provided to reputed social science research agencies and universities which have necessary expertise and are willing to undertake the purposeful activities and hold seminars and workshops preferably on socio economic programme undertaken by government bodies.

d) National Institute for Research & Training in Tribal Affairs (NITA) – In order to project a national profile of needs of tribal people and tribal areas it has been decided to set up a National Institute for Research and Training in Tribal Affairs. Other important functions of this Institute would be to impart training to high-level government functionaries and also to undertake seminar/conferences at national or inter national levels. The institute will play a leading role in coordinating tribal research activities at national level.


The Joint Secretary
Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment,
R.No. 613, A-Wing, Shastri Bhawan,
New Delhi-110001
Tel Nos : 91-011-23387924 (O)





Schemes for welfare of Scheduled Castes

Promotion of Voluntary Sector- 90% grant-in-aid for activities like education, vocational training support facilities-creches, medical units and balwadis, legal aid, client-services, human rights issues and environment related activities etc. during the year 1999-2000 an amount of Rs 26 crores was released to 376 voluntary organizations to take up the above activities

Scheme of Grant in Aid to Voluntary Organisation working for Scheduled Castes

The Backward Classes are those castes/communities that are notified as socially and educationally Backward Classes by the State Governments or those that may be notified as such by the Central Government from time to time.

The affairs of Backward Classes were looked after by the Backward Classes Cell (BCC) in the Ministry of Homes Affairs prior to 1985. with the creation of a separate Ministry of welfare in 1985 (renamed as Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment on 25.5.1998) the matters relating to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes (OBCs) and Minorities were transferred to the new Ministry. The Backward Classes Division in the Ministry looks after the policy, planning and implementation of programmes relating to social and economic empowerment of OBCs. It also looks after matters relating to two institutions set up for the welfare of OBCs : National Backward Classes Finance and Development Corporation (NBCFDC) and the National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC).

2. Assistance of Voluntary Organizations for the Welfare of OBCs


The objective of the scheme is to involve the voluntary sector to improve educational and socio-economic conditions of the target group, i.e., Other Backward Classes (OBCs), with a view to upgrade skill to enable them to start income generating activities on their own or get gainful employment in some sector or the other.

Grant-in-aid is sanctioned for the new projects under the new scheme after the information is supplied as per the application form along with the recommendation including reports of the State Government/Union Territory Administration, National Commissions, Tribal Research Institute of the State Government and any other agency so designated by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment for the purpose.


The Director (BC),
Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment,
Trikoot-II, R.K. Puram, New Delhi
The Deputy Secretary (BC)
Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment,
Shastri Bhawan, New Delhi – 110001
E-Mail :

3. Schemes for Welfare of Minorities

a. Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Coaching and Allied Assistance for Weaker Sections including Scheduled Castes other Backward Classes and Minorities.

Contact: The Joint Secretary (M&BC)
Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment,
Room No. 1, 9th Floor, 25, Jeevan Prakash
Building, Kasturba Gandhi Marg, New Delhi,
Tel 91 11 23765004

b. National Minorities Development and Finance Corporation (NMDFC).

Contact: Managing Director
National Minorities Development & Fianace Corporation
1, Taimoor Nagar, Opp D996
New Friends Colony, New Delhi -110065
Ph. 011-2632605/57/58/59.
Website :

c. National Commission for Minorities

Contact: The Deputy Secretary
National Commission for Minorities
5th Floor, Lok Nayak Bhavan,
Khan Market, New Delhi 110003
Tel 24693302, 24642645, 24698420

d. Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities

The Deputy Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities,
40, Amar Nath Jha Marg, Allahabad 211002
Tel. No: 0532 2468566/ 2468593/2468565

e. Maulana Azad Education Foundation

Contact: The Secretary,
Maulana Azad Eduaction Foundation,
Social Justice Service Centre,
Mahila Imdad Committee,
Opposite New Delhi Railway Reservation Centre,
Chelmsford Road, New Delhi -110055
Ph./Fax: 23583788, 23583789.

f. Development of Urban Wakf Properties

Contact: The Secretary, Central Waft Council,
14/173, Jamnagar House Shahjahan Road,
New Delhi – 110011.
Ph. No: 91-011-3384465

4. Assistance to Voluntary Organisation for the Welfare of OBCs

Contact: The Director (BCC).
Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment
R.No. 216-E, D-Wing, Shastri Bhawan,
New Delhi Tel Nos: 91-011-23386981 (O)
E Mail:

5. Scheme of Financial Assistance to Non-Governmental Organisations & Institutions Working in the Field of Human Rights.

Contact: Chairperson, National Human Rights Commission,
Sardar Patel Bhawan, (2nd Floor) Sansad Marg,
New Delhi-110001.

Abhay N

Author : 

Abhay is the founder and managing editor of India Microfinance. He is passionate about microfinance, financial inclusion and social entrepreneurship in India.

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  1. Sushil Barla

    October 1, 2015 at 11:04 am

    Thank u my dear brother

  2. SHATPHOOL-walk for development

    March 27, 2016 at 1:04 pm

    We registerd an NGO in Assam, Lakhimpur district now we want to work from NACO. Plz

  3. venkatkivande

    April 21, 2016 at 10:19 am

    How to register

  4. Prasant Nayak

    April 21, 2016 at 11:30 pm

    how to register and partnership with ministry of tribal affairs, but we already partnership with ministry of social justice and empowerment

  5. Satish Pandey secretary Mukti social service organisation

    June 3, 2016 at 12:41 pm

    We registered an Ngo Odisha.we complete three years registration we want some grant for our Ngo to work this sector please help .

  6. Manisha Mishra, secretary of PALLI VIKASH

    July 16, 2016 at 2:42 pm

    we registered an ngo,we need fund for tribal health development

  7. m.mareena

    August 18, 2016 at 4:17 pm

    we register an Ngo we need funds for development of society

  8. K.Kishore

    August 18, 2016 at 4:20 pm

    I want establish an NGO for the welfare of Poor People in the society

  9. jithin george

    August 19, 2016 at 6:32 pm

    As a single person, how can I play my part

  10. jodha singh

    August 22, 2016 at 2:49 pm

    how to register and partnership with ministry of tribal affairs, but we already partnership with ministry of social justice and empowerment

  11. sandeep kumar singh

    August 29, 2016 at 11:08 pm

    I want to establish an ngo for welfare of poor people in our society

  12. sandeep kumar singh

    August 29, 2016 at 11:12 pm

    How can I do it please give me some advice

  13. Abhay N

    Abhay N

    September 5, 2016 at 5:06 pm

    Visit the government websites for more information.



  14. abhishek gupta

    September 16, 2016 at 2:31 pm

    we register an Ngo we need funds for development of society

  15. ML Meena

    October 4, 2016 at 12:56 pm

    I want establish an NGO for the welfare of realy trible people (Meena cast “Mena) in western Rajasthan (Jalore, Pali and Sirohi ) district

  16. Rural Citizen Club

    November 28, 2016 at 10:26 pm

    I have established an NGO for the development of rural people irrespective of caste creed and religion

  17. G.Rangareddy

    April 16, 2017 at 7:13 am

    A good effort made by authors thanks for it pl help the needy in future also thanks

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