Case Studies

Case Study – Does linking teachers pay to student performance improve results?

The World Bank yesterday released a new case study on impact of cash incentives given to teachers of government school on the results of students. The study was conducted in the state of Andhra Pradesh.

Some facts about Government run public schools in India from the case study.

Did You Know ?

  • On any given day 25 percent of teachers in government-run schools in India are absent.
  • At any given time less than 50 percent of teachers are teaching.
  • Over 90 percent of spending on primary education, excluding capital expenditures, goes to teacher salaries and benefits


Educators and education policy makers are concerned with creating the best possible learning environment for students. How to do this, especially in primary school, where reading, writing and mathematical skills are first acquired, is the subject of policy debates in many parts of the world. Should teachers be paid more? Can students be rewarded for good test results? Do schools need more supplies and better infrastructure? Should parents have access to better information about the quality of schools and parental rights and responsibilities? There are no clear answers yet.

The World Bank supported a study of government-run primary schools in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. The project, incorporating 500 schools, concluded that giving teachers cash bonuses based on the improvement in student performance was more effective at raising test results than giving schools cash grants for supplies or additional teachers. This project, which looks at only one school system in one country, will not end the debate over how to boost student performance. But it does offer a piece of the puzzle to help steer policy makers and educators as they move forward with new educational programs and projects.

Download the Case Study on Case Incentives to Teachers and Students Performance

at the link below

World Bank Case Study on School Teachers of Andhra Pradesh-pdf-4pages-2MB

World Bank Case Studies Education

The paper is based on a project known as the Andhra Pradesh Randomized Evaluation Study (AP RESt), a partnership between the Government of Andhra Pradesh, the Azim Premji Foundation, and the World Bank, with support from DFID. Full study can be found at:

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